Amicus Brief: Beshear, et al. v. Goodwood Brewing Co., LLC, et al.

AMICUS BRIEF SUMMARY

In January 2021, the legislature voted to limit Governor Beshear’s emergency powers used to address the Covid-19 pandemic. The governor vetoed the bill to limit his powers, and the legislature overrode that veto with the required majority. The governor then resisted the legislature’s lawful withdrawal of power by filing a lawsuit to enjoin the new law as a violation of his executive powers. This lawsuit was brought to enforce the new law. Both sides won their respective lawsuits at the trial court level, which set up a conflict for the state supreme court to resolve.

In 2020, the Kentucky Supreme Court held that the governor had been delegated emergency powers he could use to address the pandemic. In so holding, the Court also noted that the Kentucky Legislature, if it disagreed, could respond by withdrawing the emergency power it had delegated to the governor. The legislature did just as the Court’s order contemplated. It tried to rein in the governor’s powers so that no emergency order could last more than 30 days without further authorization or ratification by the legislature.

The Plaintiffs were a group of Kentucky restaurants and breweries that had been significantly impacted by Governor Beshear’s enforcement of executive-branch directives. In Beshear, et al. v. Goodwood Brewing Co., LLC, et al., these businesses challenged the emergency authority Governor Beshear claimed in disregard of the legislative changes. Specifically, they maintained that the governor’s executive orders had become unlawful because they conflicted with the limiting statutes the legislature passed over the governor’s veto.

The amici curiae, NCLA, the Southeastern Legal Foundation, and the Mackinac Center for Public Policy, argued that the Kentucky Constitution denies the governor dictatorial power. To ensure such power does not develop in any branch, the Kentucky Constitution separates government power and vests the legislature with law-making authority, which the legislature can always reclaim once delegated. Amici urged the Court to rule that the executive orders and emergency administrative regulations of the executive that contravened the duly enacted laws of Kentucky’s Legislature were unlawful.

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CASE: Beshear, et al. v. Goodwood Brewing Co., LLC, et al.

COURT: Supreme Court of Kentucky

DOCUMENT: No. 2021-SC-0126-T

COUNSEL FOR AMICUS CURIAE: John Vecchione, Jared Mcclain

FILED: May 20, 2021

CASE DOCUMENTS

May 20, 2021 | Brief of the New Civil Liberties Alliance, Southeastern Legal Foundation, & The Mackinac Center for Public Policy, as Amici Curiae in Support of Plaintiff-Respondents
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PRESS RELEASES

May 20, 2021 | NCLA Files Joint Amicus Brief Asking Kentucky Supreme Court to Uphold Constitutional Governance

Washington, DC (May 20, 2021) – In a joint amicus brief filed in the Kentucky Supreme Court, the New Civil Liberties Alliance, a nonpartisan, nonprofit civil rights group, criticized Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s attempt to bypass the Kentucky Legislature and hold onto temporary executive powers. In January 2021, the legislature voted to limit Governor Beshear’s emergency powers used to address the Covid-19 pandemic. The governor vetoed the bill to limit his powers, and the legislature overrode that veto with the required majority. The governor then resisted the legislature’s lawful withdrawal of power by filing a lawsuit to enjoin the new law as a violation of his executive powers. This lawsuit was brought to enforce the new law. Both sides won their respective lawsuits at the trial court level, which set up a conflict for the state supreme court to resolve.

Last year, the Kentucky Supreme Court held that the governor had been delegated emergency powers he could use to address the pandemic. In so holding, the Court also noted that the Kentucky Legislature, if it disagreed, could respond by withdrawing the emergency power it had delegated to the governor. The legislature did just as the Court’s order contemplated. It tried to rein in the governor’s powers so that no emergency order could last more than 30 days without further authorization or ratification by the legislature.

The Plaintiffs are a group of Kentucky restaurants and breweries that have been significantly impacted by Governor Beshear’s enforcement of executive-branch directives. In Beshear, et al. v. Goodwood Brewing Co., LLC, et al., these businesses are challenging the emergency authority Governor Beshear still claims in disregard of the recent legislative changes. Specifically, they maintain that the governor’s executive orders are now unlawful because they conflict with the limiting statutes the legislature passed over the governor’s veto.

The amici curiae, NCLA, the Southeastern Legal Foundation, and the Mackinac Center for Public Policy, argue that the Kentucky Constitution denies the governor dictatorial power. To ensure such power does not develop in any branch, the Kentucky Constitution separates government power and vests the legislature with law-making authority, which the legislature can always reclaim once delegated. Amici urge the Court to rule that the executive orders and emergency administrative regulations of the executive that contravene the duly enacted laws of Kentucky’s Legislature are unlawful.

NCLA released the following statements:

“NCLA welcomes this opportunity before the highest court in Kentucky to weigh in on the important principles of separation of powers and legislative checks on administrative authority.”
John Vecchione, Senior Litigation Counsel, NCLA

“It will be extremely worrisome for the condition of democracy in Kentucky if the Court allows the governor to blatantly disregard the legislature’s lawful attempts to fulfill its constitutional role as a check on executive power.”
Jared McClain, Litigation Counsel, NCLA

For more information visit the case page here.

ABOUT NCLA

NCLA is a nonpartisan, nonprofit civil rights group founded by prominent legal scholar Philip Hamburger to protect constitutional freedoms from violations by the Administrative State. NCLA’s public-interest litigation and other pro bono advocacy strive to tame the unlawful power of state and federal agencies and to foster a new civil liberties movement that will help restore Americans’ fundamental rights.

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OPINION

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