NCLA Site Search


Choice Refrigerants v. EPA, Regan

The Environmental Protection Agency is picking and choosing which companies are allowed to produce and sell hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)—refrigeration chemicals commonly used in refrigerators and air conditioners—by using power that Congress unconstitutionally handed the agency. NCLA urges an end to this unconstitutional arrangement.

Congress passed the American Innovation and Manufacturing (AIM) Act of 2020 to phase down HFC production, assigning EPA the power to distribute a limited number of allowances for companies to import or manufacture these critical products. But lawmakers did not give EPA any guidance about who should receive the allowances, violating foundational Constitutional protections that bar Congress from improperly abdicating its legislative authority to agencies. Instead of allocating allowances properly attributable to NCLA’s client, Choice Refrigerants, an American small business that created and patented a popular HFC blend, EPA instead granted allowances to Choice’s former business partner and to a Chinese-owned company that infringed their patent. EPA has also relied on Executive Orders to set some allowances aside for new market entrants rather than existing companies like Choice.

Zhonette Brown
General Counsel and Senior Litigation Counsel
Kaitlyn Schiraldi
Staff Attorney

Plaintiff’s Response to Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss, or, in the Alternative, to Stay Proceedings

January 10, 2024 | Read More


October 4, 2023 | Read More


NCLA Suit Challenges AIM Act for Unlawfully Delegating Power over Refrigeration Companies to EPA

October 5, 2023 | Read More



Enter your email address above to be notified whenever we post a new document to this case.